Fruit and Vegetable specifications

PRODUCTS Water
Contents
% (Wt.)
Highest
Freezing
Point (Tf)
Specific Heat Latent
Heat
of
Fusion
(Lh)
C F Above
Freezing

(Sa)
Below
Freezing

(Sb)
Cal/g Btu/Lb
Apple

Wedgesthick

84 -1.1 29.3 0.87 0.45 67.0 121
Apricots

Whole
Halves

89
85
-1.1 30.1 0.88 0.46 67.8 122
Asparagus

Cut
Whole

93 -0.6 30.9 0.9 4 0.48 74.1 133
Avocados 65.4 31.5 0.72 0.40 94
Artichokes

Bottom Part
Jerusalem

84
79.5
-1.2
.
29.9
27.5
0.87
0.83
0.45
0.44
67.0
.
121
114
Bananas 74.8 30.6 0.80 0.42 108
Beans 67
Beer Keg, Bottle,Cans 90.2 28.0 0.92 129
Blackberries 85 -0.8 30.5 .88 .46 67.8 122
Blueberries 82 -1.6 29.7 .86 .45 65.4 118
Bread

Crumbs

32-37 0.7 0.34 46-53
Broccoli 90 -0.6 30.9 0.92 0.47 71.7 130
Butter 16 4 -31 0.50 23
Brussels Sprouts 84.9 -0.8 30.5 0.88 0.46 67.8 122
Cabbage 92.4 30.4 0.94 0.47 132
Cantaloupe 92
Carrots

Diced

88 -1.4 29.5 0.90 0.46 70.1 126
Cauliflower

Cuts, Before Blanch

92 -0.8 30.6 0.93 0.47 73.3 132
Cheese

Cubed, Granulated

31.0 0.45 0.29 44
Cherries 84 -1.8 28.8 0.87 .45 67.0 121
Coconut Shredded 46.9 30.4 0.58 0.34 67
Coffee

Green

10-15 0.30 0.24 14-21
Corn

Cut Sweet

74 -0.6 30.9 .79 .42 59.0 106
Cranberries, Fresh 87 -0.9 30.4 .90 .46 69.3 125
Cucumbers, Fresh 96.0 31.1 0.97 0.49 137
Cream 55-75 31.0 0.66-0.80 0.36-0.42 79-107
Currants, Red, 88 -1.0 30.2 0.88 0.45 67.8 120
Currants Black 88 -1.0 30.2 0.88 0.45 67.8 120
Dewberries 84.5 29.7 0.88
Dried Fruits 14.0-26.0 0.31-0.41 0.26 20.37
Eggplant 92.7 30.6 0.94 0.48 132
Endive (Escarole) 93.3 31.9 0.94 0.48 132
Figs

Dried
Fresh

24.0
78.0
27.6 0.39
0.82
0.27
0.43
34
112
Fish,
Fresh
Smoked
Brine Salted
Mild Cured
Shellfish
Fresh
Frozen
62-85
80-87
28.0
28.0
0.70-0.86
0.70
0.76
0.76
0.83-0.90
0.39
0.41
0.41
0.44-0.46
89-122
92
100
113-125
Gooseberries 89 -1.1 30.0 .91 .47 70.9 128
Garlic Dry 61.3 30.5 0.69 0.40 89
Grapefruit 88.8 30.0 0.91 0.49 126
Grapes 82 -2.1 28.1 .86 .45 65.4 118
Green Beans

Cut Green

89 -0.7 30.7 0.91 0.47 70.9 128
Guavas 83.0 0.86
Honey 18.0 0.35 0.26 26
Horseradish 73.4 28.7 0.78 0.42 104
Ice Cream 58-63 21.0 0.66-0.70 0.37-0.39
Kale 86.6 31.1 0.89 0.46 124
Kohlrabi 90.1 30.2 0.92 0.47 128
Lettuce 94.80 31.7 0.96 0.48 136
Leeks 85 -0.7 30.7 0.88 0.46 67.8 136
Limes 86.0 29.1 0.89 0.46 122
Loganberries 83 -1.6 29.7 .86 .45 65.4 118
Lychee 83
Mangoes 81.4 30.3 0.85 0.44 117
Maple Syrup 35.5 0.48 0.31 51
Melons, Cantalope

Melon Balls
dia
Casaba
Honeydew and Honey Ball
Persian
Watermelon

93
.
92.7
92.6
92.7
91.1
-1.1
.
.
.
.
.
29.9
.
30.1
30.3
30.5
30.4
0.94
.
0.94
0.94
0.94
0.93
0.48
.
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.47
74.1
.
.
.
.
.
133
.
132
132
132
130
Milk
Whole Powdered
Condensed Sweetened
Evaporated
2-3
28.0
74.0
5.0
29.5
0.42
0.79
0.36
0.28
0.42
4
40
106
Meat
Ground
Balls
Diced
Diced 3/8″
Bacon Cured (Farm Style)
Beef Fresh
Beef Frozen
Fat Backs
Hams and Shoulders FreshFrozen
Cured
Lamb Fresh
Lamb Frozen
Livers Frozen
Pork Fresh
Pork Frozen
Smoked Sausage
Veal Fresh
Veal Frozen
49
62.77
6-12
47-54
40-45
60-70
70.0
32-44
60.0
64-70
-2.2 29.0
28-29
28-29
28-29
28-29
28-29
.59
0.30-0.43
0.70-0.84
0.25-0.30
0.58-0.63
0.52-0.56
0.65-0.76
0.46-0.55
0.68
0.71-0.76
.35
0.24-0.29
0.38-0.43
0.22-0.24
0.34-0.36
0.32-0.33
0.38-0.51
0.41
0.30-0.33
0.38
0.39-0.41
39.1 70
18-41
89.110
9-17
67-77
57-64
80-100
100
46-63
80
92-100
Melons, Cantalope

Melon Balls
dia
Melon Cubes sq.
Casaba
Honeydew and Honey Ball
Persian
Watermelon

93
92.7
92.6
92.7
91.1
-1.1 29.9
30.1
30.3
30.5
30.4
0.94
0.94
0.94
0.94
0.93
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.48
0.47
74.1 133
132
132
132
130
Mushrooms 92
Nectarines 81.8 30.4
Nut 3-6 0.22-0.25 0.21-0.22 4-8
Okra

Whole
Cut

89.8
90
-1.8 28.7
28.7
0.92
0.92
0.46
0.47
71.7 128
129
Oleomargarine 15.5 0.32 0.25 22
Onions

Diced
Dry
Green

90
87.5
89.4
-0.9 30.6
30.6
30.4
0.91
0.90
0.91
0.47
0.46
70.9 128
124
Oranges, Whole 87.2 30.6 0.90 0.46 124
Orange Juice, Chilled 89.0 0.91 0.47 128
Papayas 90.8 30.4 0.82 0.47 130
Parsnips 78.6 30.4 0.84 0.44 112
Pears 82.7 29.2 0.86 0.45 118
Parsley, Chopped 85.10 -1.1 30.0 0.88 0.45 67.8 122
Paprika,

Whole
Sliced-3/8″
Diced-3/8″

92
Peaches, Freestone

Halves
Sliced

89.1
89
-0.9 30.3
30.3
0.90
0.91
0.46
0.47
70.9 124
128
Peppers

Chili Peppers, Whole
Dried
Sweet

92
12.0
92.4
30.7 0.30
0.94
0.24
0.47
17
132
Persimmons 78.2 28.1 0.84 0.43 112
Pineapple

Wedges to 1
Whole Rip
Diced
Sliced
Mature Green

85.3
85
-1.0 30.0
30.0
30.2
0.88
0.88
0.45
0.46
67.8 122
122
Plums 82.3 -0.8 30.5 .0.88 0.45 68.6 118
Pomegranates 26.6
Popcorn Unpopped 13.5 0.31 0.24 19
Potatoes

Diced & Blanched
Whole 1″ Dia Blanched
Southern Style Hash brown
Croquettes
Frozen Strips:
3/8″ Cut straight or Crinkle
Early Crop
Late Crop

81
81
75
81
75
81.2
77.8
-0.6
-0.6
30.9
30.9
30.9
30.9
0.85
0.80
0.85
0.82
0.44
0.43
0.44
0.43
64.6
64.6
59.8
64.6
59.8
116
116
108
116
108
116
111
Quinces 85.3 28.4 0.88 0.45 122
Radishes

Spring Prepackaged
Winter Prepackaged

93.6
93.6
30.7

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